The computer world is filled with jargon that isn’t always self-explanatory. Here’s a quick overview of some of the terms you may come across when using your computer. Be advised that we have simplified things here – it isn’t an in-depth look at any one term.
Add-on – a software program that helps improve your experience on a website by providing multimedia or interactive content. Adobe Flash is a software add-on that allows Internet users to watch flash movies or play flash games.
App – short for application, is any type of computer program. Applications have existed for as long as computers, but the term ‘app’ is now more associated with software on a smartphone or tablet.
Bookmark – a way of saving a web page’s address. Within most browsers, press Ctrl + D to bookmark the page you are viewing.
Browser – a “door” to the internet. Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox are all browsers.
Cookies – are simple ‘text files’ containing two pieces of information: a site name and unique user ID. They exist simply to make your interaction with frequently-visited sites more enjoyable. Without cookies, online shopping would be much harder. Cookies are nothing to be scared of, even if the prompts asking for your permission can be make you feel wary.
Search Engine – a software program, available through the Internet, that searches documents and files for keywords then returns the results of any files containing those keywords. The most popular and well-known search engine is Google.
URL – Uniform Resource Locator is the location of a file on the web. When you type the address of a web page into your browser, you are typing a URL. An example of a URL is http://www.diamondbyte.co.uk which is the URL for our website. You would type this into your browser’s address bar to get to the intended website.
CPU/Processor – Central Processing Unit of the computer. The CPU manages the instructions it receives from hardware and software running on the computer.
RAM – Random Access Memory is a hardware device that allows information to be stored and retrieved on a computer.
Hard Drive – a device that permanently stores and retrieves information. Your Operating System is stored on your hard drive, as well as all software programmes, such as Microsoft Word.
Motherboard – the heart of a computer. It is a circuit board which distributes power to the CPU, RAM and all other computer hardware components and allows hardware components to communicate with one another.
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